What are the differences between SQL injection and cross site scripting?
8 minute(s) read
Published on: Apr 06, 2021
Updated on: Dec 14, 2021
Security is an important topic that can be studied for hours and days. On the other hand, there are many ways to compromise this security. Some people called hackers, with great talent in the field of computers, who try to infiltrate the information of different people and use it to achieve their desires, hackers may use different methods to gain access to important information, in most cases, the users do not realize that their information has been stolen and the hacker will continue to abuse their information as much as possible, for example, hackers may use malicious code to hack different people, they inject it into a site, or they may add this code to the web form input box to change the data which has different types, such as XSS and SQL injection, which we are going to discuss in more detail below.
What is cross-site scripting?
This kind of attack has different types, which we will mention briefly in the following.
Types of cross-scripting:
- Stored XSS (Persistent XSS):
This type of attack is very malicious, in which the hacker enters the malicious code in the user's input section, such as the blog comments section, or they may even place that code in a post. Eventually, the user's system is infected as soon as user logs in, as we have mentioned earlier, these attacks are carried out so gradually that the users may not be fully aware that their information has been stolen.
- DOM-based XSS:
These types of attacks can also attack systems with high security and have used a firewall. Through this attack, the hackers can gain the information they need quickly. This is one of the most advanced XSS attacks and can do a lot of damage to system security.
- Reflected XSS (Non-persistent XSS):
This type of attack is performed when the users request, and with this request, the code is activated, and finally, their information will be stolen. These types of attacks are more common on social media, and it is important to note that they are usually combined with social engineering.
What is this Injection?
Another method used by hackers is SQL Injection, in which a hacker inserts malicious code through a web page entry into SQL statements. Ultimately, this Injection allows the hacker to disrupt the user's system and generally allow the attacker to view data that they would not normally be able to retrieve, in other words, hackers can access information that is not accessible to the user, and by changing these programs, the hacker can eventually change the content of the program, hackers can do this type of hacking in a variety of ways that in all cases can be very successful in accessing user information.
Types of SQL Injection:
This attack also has different types, which we will mention in the following section.
- In-band (Classic SQLi):
One of the most common methods that hackers use for SQL Injection is In-band SQLi, in which an attacker can use the same communication channel to launch an attack and collect results. The two most common types of Injection are error-based SQLi and Union-based SQLi, the first of which relies on error messages sent by the database server to access its target. There are ways to deal with such attacks that can be followed to increase system security against them.
The second type of attack uses UNION SQL to combine multiple commands and is eventually returned as part of the HTTP response, causing various users to be hacked.
- Inferential (Blind SQLi):
Blind SQL Injection attacks by detecting powerful parameter injections and executing commands by remote detection.
Through this attack, the hacker cannot see the result of an attack, which is why it is called that, two types of this Injection are Boolean-based (content-based) Blind SQLi and Time-based Blind SQLi, which in the first attack, hackers force the program to return a different result, through the second attack, the hacker forces the database to wait for a while before responding. The hacker examines how long it took for the response to be sent to determine whether the response was correct or not. Then HTTP response is delayed with the same amount of time, or it may return immediately, ultimately leading the hackers to reach their goal.
This method is not common, and this attack is used by hackers when they cannot use the same channel to start the attack and gain the desired results.
Ways to deal with SQL Injection attacks:
- The validity of any data stored in the SQL engine should be checked, and you should not trust any input.
- Use monitoring because they can quickly report back to you if you are attacked.
-Do not forget the filtering tools because through them, you can greatly increase the security of your information against such attacks.
- Use High-end authentication systems, which you can use to check all attempts which occur to gain unauthorized access to your system.
Difference Between site scripting and Injection:
In general, there are many attacks used by hackers, through which they can gain access to information about different users, we tried to mention two of the most important types of injections, including XSS and SQL injections in this article, we have also mentioned the point that these two are different in language as well as how they perform, so by reading this article, you can raise your awareness of such attacks and take action properly in order to protect your information from being stolen by hackers these ways, it should be noted that you should never forget that hackers won't stop trying to raise their level of knowledge and awareness, and they are constantly finding new ways to access the information of different people, which is why it is important for you, as a user, to add to your knowledge regularly in the field of security and block the way for hackers and as you know, being aware of possible threats can help you a lot in this field, so you have to do your best to not fall behind hackers in the field of knowledge, through this way you can find out any suspicious items that is happening on your system, as a result, you can take the necessary steps in order to solve the problem as soon as possible.Website SEO analysis services